Kurdish Music

Bahaedin Mohammadi Rad, 1980

Performance

Bahaedin Mohammadi Rad, 1980

Kurdistan (Kurds state), the cultural history and the civilisation of Kurdistan dates back to 3000 BC. It has been divided between five countries Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Armenia by geographical borders. Kurdish music retells the old and sorrowful history of the people whose music has constantly served to soothe their pains and has given them hope for a better future. Kurdish music has also well influenced the above-mentioned countries’ music, representing the Kurds in the region. The music of the Kurd is based on vocal songs. There were three group of singers, storyteller (Çîrokbêj), Minstrels (stranbêj) and Bards (Dengbêj). People in tradition life were gathering at nights and listening to the stories of the singers which were accompanied by Tembûr and audience’s clubbing. The poem was epic that mentioned the relationship of nature and human, supernatural, love and meditation under Sufism philosophy credence. Since the Islamic religion ideology developed a territory in the region, the music particularly singing was the significantly powerful approach to preserve the Kurdish identity, language, culture and keep from new belief. That method has also been helpful to transfer music to the next generation traditionally and oral. The Sufi system, the secret gathering to bring educated closer has been keeping music and dance as its initial manifest to reappear the Kurdish Zoroastrian personality after arriving unpleasant guest in their place.